Routenverfolgung mit und ohne FlexIPS / GRE Tunnel von Hetzner Servern / Route tracking with and without FlexIPS / GRE tunnel from Hetzner servers

Immer wieder werden wir vor Mietbeginn nach den Unterschieden in der Routenverfolgung mit und ohne GRE-Tunnel bei Hetzner Servern gefragt. In diesem Artikel haben wir einige Test-Routen mit und ohne GRE-Tunnel durchgeführt. Ausgangsbasis ist eine VM bei Hetzner.de. Im Test, testen wir zunächst ohne GRE Tunnel und direkt im Anschluss mit GRE Tunnel. Testzeitraum war am 25. März 2024 zwischen 15 und 16 Uhr.

English: We are often asked about the differences in route tracking with and without GRE tunnels on Hetzner servers before the start of a rental. In this article, we have carried out some test routes with and without GRE tunnels. The starting point is a VM at Hetzner.de. In the test, we first test without GRE tunnel and immediately afterwards with GRE tunnel. Test period was on March 25, 2024 between 3 and 4 pm.

Test 1: Google.com

Without GRE

root@traceroutetest:~# sudo traceroute google.de
traceroute to google.de (142.250.186.99), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  8.812 ms  8.787 ms  8.769 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  0.844 ms  0.861 ms  0.898 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  1.769 ms  1.746 ms spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  1.991 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.105)  1.755 ms  1.207 ms  1.017 ms
 7  core5.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.224.234)  4.460 ms core1.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.250)  3.499 ms core1.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.254)  3.477 ms
 8  72.14.218.94 (72.14.218.94)  5.043 ms 72.14.218.176 (72.14.218.176)  3.800 ms 142.250.160.234 (142.250.160.234)  3.782 ms
 9  * * *
10  142.250.236.30 (142.250.236.30)  4.352 ms 142.250.214.202 (142.250.214.202)  6.264 ms 142.250.236.56 (142.250.236.56)  3.824 ms
11  142.250.214.193 (142.250.214.193)  3.727 ms  3.652 ms 142.250.214.191 (142.250.214.191)  3.698 ms
12  fra24s06-in-f3.1e100.net (142.250.186.99)  4.027 ms 209.85.240.113 (209.85.240.113)  5.532 ms *

With noez.de GRE:

traceroute to google.de (142.250.186.99), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.725 ms  3.683 ms  3.794 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  4.042 ms  4.100 ms  4.016 ms
 3  google.equinix.kleyrex.net (193.189.83.197)  4.464 ms  4.429 ms  4.431 ms
 4  209.85.249.229 (209.85.249.229)  4.397 ms 192.178.107.13 (192.178.107.13)  6.530 ms  6.503 ms
 5  142.250.214.193 (142.250.214.193)  4.253 ms 142.250.214.191 (142.250.214.191)  4.176 ms  4.127 ms
 6  fra24s06-in-f3.1e100.net (142.250.186.99)  4.308 ms  4.475 ms  4.382 ms

Test 2: Telekom.de

Without GRE

root@traceroutetest:~# sudo traceroute telekom.de
traceroute to telekom.de (80.158.67.40), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  7.061 ms  7.084 ms  7.152 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  1.084 ms  1.094 ms  1.306 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  2.053 ms  2.061 ms  2.446 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.141)  2.132 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.101)  1.182 ms core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.141)  1.220 ms
 7  juniper5.dc2.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.229.162)  3.408 ms juniper6.dc2.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.245.74)  0.496 ms juniper4.dc2.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.138)  0.465 ms
 8  ae12-500.nbg40.core-backbone.com (80.255.9.21)  1.120 ms ae12-498.nbg40.core-backbone.com (5.56.20.253)  1.308 ms ae12-500.nbg40.core-backbone.com (80.255.9.21)  1.048 ms
 9  ae1-2001.fra10.core-backbone.com (81.95.15.162)  3.616 ms  3.420 ms  3.390 ms
10  80.157.207.9 (80.157.207.9)  4.627 ms  4.652 ms  4.588 ms
11  m-eb13-i.M.DE.NET.DTAG.DE (217.5.69.66)  6.966 ms m-eb13-i.M.DE.NET.DTAG.DE (217.5.69.70)  6.340 ms m-eb13-i.M.DE.NET.DTAG.DE (217.5.69.66)  6.548 ms
12  87.190.235.69 (87.190.235.69)  7.591 ms !X  7.561 ms !X *

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# sudo traceroute telekom.de -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to telekom.de (80.158.67.40), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.731 ms  3.695 ms  3.722 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  3.931 ms  3.909 ms  3.927 ms
 3  * * ae24-109.cr6-fra2.ip4.gtt.net (154.14.156.57)  5.479 ms
 4  80.150.168.84 (80.150.168.84)  5.338 ms  5.313 ms  5.316 ms
 5  m-eb13-i.M.DE.NET.DTAG.DE (217.5.69.78)  11.127 ms  11.070 ms  11.157 ms
 6  87.190.235.69 (87.190.235.69)  11.394 ms !X  11.377 ms !X *

Test 3: Cloudflare.com

Without GRE

root@traceroutetest:~# sudo traceroute cloudflare.com
traceroute to cloudflare.com (104.16.132.229), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  6.889 ms  6.934 ms  7.015 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  2.843 ms  2.813 ms  3.242 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  4.021 ms spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  4.018 ms  4.456 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.121)  3.721 ms core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.105)  1.276 ms  1.241 ms
 7  core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.245)  4.133 ms core1.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.250)  3.653 ms core0.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.252.21)  3.408 ms
 8  core9.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.224.174)  4.159 ms core9.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.252.18)  4.130 ms core9.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.224.174)  4.186 ms
 9  static.213-133-112-34.clients.your-server.de (213.133.112.34)  4.768 ms * 162.158.84.254 (162.158.84.254)  4.526 ms
10  172.71.248.3 (172.71.248.3)  10.134 ms 172.71.244.5 (172.71.244.5)  4.184 ms 172.70.240.3 (172.70.240.3)  4.432 ms
11  104.16.132.229 (104.16.132.229)  4.371 ms  4.449 ms  4.411 ms

With noez.de GRE:

traceroute to cloudflare.com (104.16.133.229), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.798 ms  3.746 ms  3.674 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  4.407 ms  4.407 ms  4.331 ms
 3  cloudflare.anc.kleyrex.net (193.189.82.195)  13.931 ms  13.919 ms  13.895 ms
 4  172.70.240.3 (172.70.240.3)  4.369 ms 162.158.108.2 (162.158.108.2)  14.641 ms 172.71.244.3 (172.71.244.3)  4.684 ms
 5  104.16.133.229 (104.16.133.229)  4.105 ms  4.283 ms  4.265 ms

Test 4: yahoo.com

Without GRE

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute yahoo.com
traceroute to yahoo.com (98.137.11.164), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  5.458 ms  5.548 ms  5.562 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  1.000 ms  1.029 ms  1.124 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  1.948 ms spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  2.693 ms spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  2.593 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.141)  2.213 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.101)  1.534 ms  1.507 ms
 7  core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.33)  4.438 ms core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.245)  3.694 ms  3.384 ms
 8  ge-1-3-0.pat2.dee.yahoo.com (80.81.193.115)  10.195 ms ge-1-3-0.pat1.dee.yahoo.com (80.81.192.115)  9.482 ms ge-1-3-0.pat2.dee.yahoo.com (80.81.193.115)  10.048 ms
 9  ae-3.pat2.frz.yahoo.com (209.191.112.25)  20.272 ms  15.660 ms  14.908 ms
10  ae3.pat2.dcz.yahoo.com (209.191.65.144)  102.822 ms ae-11.pat1.dce.yahoo.com (209.191.64.24)  95.804 ms  95.766 ms
11  ae-6.pat1.che.yahoo.com (209.191.64.43)  116.010 ms  112.340 ms  111.671 ms
12  ae-12.pat1.dnx.yahoo.com (209.191.68.1)  140.713 ms ae-18.pat2.dnx.yahoo.com (209.191.68.3)  136.694 ms  140.844 ms
13  ae-19.pat1.gqb.yahoo.com (209.191.65.101)  153.212 ms  152.249 ms ae-21.pat1.gqb.yahoo.com (209.191.65.105)  166.250 ms
14  et-9-0-8.msr2.gq1.yahoo.com (66.196.67.111)  152.821 ms et-18-0-8.msr1.gq2.yahoo.com (66.196.67.123)  154.068 ms et-1-0-8.msr2.gq2.yahoo.com (66.196.67.125)  154.037 ms
15  et-19-1-0.clr1-a-gdc.gq2.yahoo.com (98.136.158.201)  152.878 ms et-1-0-0.clr1-a-gdc.gq2.yahoo.com (67.195.37.119)  155.488 ms et-1-1-0.clr1-a-gdc.gq2.yahoo.com (98.136.158.173)  159.906 ms
16  lo0.fab5-1-gdc.gq2.yahoo.com (98.136.159.243)  155.346 ms lo0.fab7-1-gdc.gq2.yahoo.com (98.136.159.241)  156.500 ms lo0.fab2-1-gdc.gq2.yahoo.com (98.136.159.246)  157.142 ms
17  usw1-1-lbc.gq2.yahoo.com (98.136.158.192)  156.394 ms  158.089 ms usw2-1-lbc.gq2.yahoo.com (98.136.158.193)  152.762 ms
18  media-router-fp73.prod.media.vip.gq1.yahoo.com (98.137.11.164)  158.000 ms  157.831 ms  154.559 ms

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute yahoo.com -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to yahoo.com (74.6.231.21), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.777 ms  3.639 ms  3.584 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  3.875 ms  3.925 ms  3.781 ms
 3  5.230.3.5 (5.230.3.5)  4.612 ms  4.563 ms  4.144 ms
 4  ge-1-3-0.pat2.dee.yahoo.com (80.81.193.115)  4.631 ms  14.717 ms  4.549 ms
 5  ae-3.pat2.frz.yahoo.com (209.191.112.25)  14.685 ms  14.557 ms  14.573 ms
 6  ae-11.pat1.dce.yahoo.com (209.191.64.24)  92.045 ms  97.258 ms  97.220 ms
 7  ae-6.pat1.che.yahoo.com (209.191.64.43)  108.534 ms  113.000 ms  112.955 ms
 8  ae-7.pat1.nez.yahoo.com (209.191.64.218)  119.425 ms ae-7.pat2.nez.yahoo.com (209.191.64.214)  125.156 ms ae-0.pat2.nez.yahoo.com (209.191.64.216)  120.520 ms
 9  et-17-0-1.msr2.ne1.yahoo.com (209.191.65.111)  117.774 ms et-2-0-1.msr2.ne1.yahoo.com (209.191.65.113)  117.737 ms et-0-1-1.msr2.ne1.yahoo.com (209.191.65.121)  122.371 ms
10  et-19-0-0.clr2-a-gdc.ne1.yahoo.com (98.138.97.65)  120.053 ms et-0-0-0.clr1-a-gdc.ne1.yahoo.com (98.138.97.63)  118.747 ms et-9-1-0.clr1-a-gdc.ne1.yahoo.com (98.138.2.21)  119.480 ms
11  lo0.fab6-2-gdc.ne1.yahoo.com (98.138.51.5)  115.673 ms lo0.fab7-2-gdc.ne1.yahoo.com (98.138.51.6)  115.170 ms lo0.fab5-2-gdc.ne1.yahoo.com (98.138.51.4)  118.895 ms
12  usw1-1-lbd.ne1.yahoo.com (98.138.97.156)  116.963 ms usw2-1-lbd.ne1.yahoo.com (98.138.97.157)  119.330 ms  119.263 ms
13  media-router-fp74.prod.media.vip.ne1.yahoo.com (74.6.231.21)  118.902 ms  118.511 ms  118.819 ms

Test 5: youtube.com

Without GRE

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute youtube.com
traceroute to youtube.com (216.58.206.46), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  7.433 ms  7.370 ms  7.364 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  0.381 ms  0.307 ms  0.286 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  0.890 ms spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  0.898 ms  1.274 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.105)  0.545 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.101)  0.503 ms core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.141)  0.338 ms
 7  core1.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.250)  3.591 ms core5.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.224.234)  3.440 ms core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.245)  3.589 ms
 8  72.14.218.176 (72.14.218.176)  6.610 ms 142.250.160.234 (142.250.160.234)  6.562 ms  6.510 ms
 9  * * *
10  142.251.64.186 (142.251.64.186)  6.198 ms 172.253.64.118 (172.253.64.118)  3.560 ms 142.250.236.36 (142.250.236.36)  3.799 ms
11  192.178.81.86 (192.178.81.86)  4.836 ms 192.178.74.165 (192.178.74.165)  3.784 ms 192.178.105.16 (192.178.105.16)  4.030 ms
12  lhr35s10-in-f14.1e100.net (216.58.206.46)  3.987 ms  3.950 ms 209.85.252.77 (209.85.252.77)  5.472 ms

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute youtube.com -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to youtube.com (216.58.206.46), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.649 ms  3.598 ms  3.705 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  4.048 ms  3.992 ms  4.147 ms
 3  google.equinix.kleyrex.net (193.189.83.197)  4.269 ms  4.347 ms  4.308 ms
 4  192.178.109.153 (192.178.109.153)  4.954 ms  4.916 ms 192.178.109.235 (192.178.109.235)  4.488 ms
 5  192.178.74.165 (192.178.74.165)  4.386 ms 192.178.74.163 (192.178.74.163)  4.248 ms 192.178.74.165 (192.178.74.165)  4.410 ms
 6  lhr35s10-in-f14.1e100.net (216.58.206.46)  4.249 ms  4.249 ms  4.228 ms

Test 6: equinix.de

Without GRE

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute equinix.de
traceroute to equinix.de (216.221.225.13), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  10.135 ms  10.144 ms  10.168 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  1.192 ms  1.200 ms  1.288 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  3.607 ms  3.749 ms spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  2.255 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.105)  1.839 ms  1.049 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.101)  1.077 ms
 7  juniper6.dc2.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.245.78)  1.402 ms juniper5.dc2.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.229.166)  0.450 ms juniper4.dc2.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.138)  0.603 ms
 8  nug-b1-link.ip.twelve99.net (213.248.70.0)  1.043 ms nug-b1-link.ip.twelve99.net (62.115.183.232)  1.117 ms nug-b1-link.ip.twelve99.net (213.248.70.0)  1.040 ms
 9  hbg-bb2-link.ip.twelve99.net (62.115.113.174)  16.523 ms prs-bb2-link.ip.twelve99.net (62.115.112.214)  14.014 ms *
10  * * *
11  nyk-bb1-link.ip.twelve99.net (62.115.112.244)  94.687 ms  94.635 ms  94.891 ms
12  palo-b24-link.ip.twelve99.net (62.115.138.117)  162.582 ms  165.090 ms palo-b24-link.ip.twelve99.net (62.115.118.121)  165.018 ms
13  equinix-ic-379730.ip.twelve99-cust.net (213.248.85.67)  168.720 ms  168.642 ms  168.532 ms
14  * * *
15  * * *
16  * * *
17  * * *
18  149.97.184.210 (149.97.184.210)  157.047 ms  155.185 ms  154.610 ms
19  149.97.184.210 (149.97.184.210)  152.770 ms  155.428 ms  154.882 ms
20  64.191.204.210 (64.191.204.210)  155.890 ms 216.221.230.12 (216.221.230.12)  155.714 ms 64.191.204.210 (64.191.204.210)  154.960 ms
21  216.221.230.12 (216.221.230.12)  159.818 ms  153.304 ms  155.935 ms
22  216.221.225.13 (216.221.225.13)  156.125 ms  153.616 ms  156.032 ms

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute equinix.de -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to equinix.de (216.221.225.13), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.581 ms  3.703 ms  3.556 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  4.003 ms  3.944 ms  3.946 ms
 3  ae24-109.cr6-fra2.ip4.gtt.net (154.14.156.57)  5.534 ms  5.499 ms  12.002 ms
 4  ae2.cr5-sjc1.ip4.gtt.net (89.149.180.26)  152.499 ms  152.471 ms  152.434 ms
 5  ip4.gtt.net (66.171.224.94)  150.777 ms  150.748 ms  150.721 ms
 6  * * *
 7  * * *
 8  * * *
 9  51.163.136.126 (51.163.136.126)  148.795 ms 51.163.136.122 (51.163.136.122)  152.743 ms  152.811 ms
10  149.97.184.210 (149.97.184.210)  152.795 ms  152.620 ms  152.899 ms
11  149.97.184.210 (149.97.184.210)  152.473 ms  152.395 ms  152.643 ms
12  216.221.230.12 (216.221.230.12)  154.354 ms  154.291 ms  154.600 ms
13  216.221.230.12 (216.221.230.12)  154.236 ms  154.152 ms  154.316 ms
14  216.221.225.13 (216.221.225.13)  149.962 ms  149.897 ms  150.175 ms

Test 7: apple.com

Without GRE

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute apple.com
traceroute to apple.com (17.253.144.10), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  9.566 ms  9.533 ms  9.567 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  1.026 ms  1.007 ms  1.072 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  4.069 ms  4.049 ms  4.033 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.101)  2.410 ms core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.105)  1.597 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.121)  1.934 ms
 7  core1.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.250)  4.848 ms core1.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.254)  3.541 ms core1.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.250)  3.365 ms
 8  * * *
 9  podcast.apple.com (17.253.144.10)  6.927 ms !X  5.538 ms !X  3.631 ms !X

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute apple.com -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to apple.com (17.253.144.10), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.814 ms  3.770 ms  3.738 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  4.230 ms  4.119 ms  4.177 ms
 3  5.230.3.5 (5.230.3.5)  4.398 ms  4.358 ms  4.335 ms
 4  ipv4.de-cix.fra.de.as714.apple.com (80.81.193.202)  4.577 ms  4.615 ms  4.517 ms
 5  apple.com.hn (17.253.144.10)  4.183 ms !X  4.383 ms !X  4.350 ms !X

Test 8: Googleapis.com

Without GRE:

traceroute to Googleapis.com (142.250.184.228), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  3.829 ms  3.763 ms  3.752 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  0.316 ms  0.262 ms  0.227 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  1.667 ms spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  0.909 ms  0.826 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.121)  0.464 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.101)  0.355 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.121)  0.280 ms
 7  core5.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.224.238)  3.501 ms core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.33)  3.441 ms core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.245)  3.381 ms
 8  72.14.218.94 (72.14.218.94)  5.599 ms  5.375 ms 213-239-239-118.clients.your-server.de (213.239.239.118)  3.473 ms
 9  * * *
10  142.250.46.244 (142.250.46.244)  3.996 ms 172.253.66.138 (172.253.66.138)  4.798 ms 142.250.214.188 (142.250.214.188)  5.927 ms
11  192.178.109.218 (192.178.109.218)  3.923 ms 142.251.64.181 (142.251.64.181)  4.033 ms 192.178.109.126 (192.178.109.126)  3.779 ms
12  fra24s12-in-f4.1e100.net (142.250.184.228)  3.775 ms  3.645 ms  3.610 ms

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute Googleapis.com -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to Googleapis.com (142.250.184.228), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.814 ms  3.719 ms  3.662 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  4.142 ms  4.039 ms  4.317 ms
 3  google.equinix.kleyrex.net (193.189.83.197)  4.473 ms  4.835 ms  4.785 ms
 4  209.85.249.229 (209.85.249.229)  4.849 ms  4.793 ms 192.178.107.13 (192.178.107.13)  6.312 ms
 5  142.251.64.181 (142.251.64.181)  4.502 ms 142.251.64.183 (142.251.64.183)  4.805 ms  4.428 ms
 6  fra24s12-in-f4.1e100.net (142.250.184.228)  4.696 ms  4.475 ms  4.406 ms

Test 9: Microsoft.com

Without GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute Microsoft.com
traceroute to Microsoft.com (20.112.250.133), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  5.136 ms  5.122 ms  5.212 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  1.008 ms  0.924 ms  0.881 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  1.322 ms spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  1.233 ms spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  1.741 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.121)  0.969 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.101)  0.415 ms core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.141)  0.453 ms
 7  core1.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.254)  3.728 ms core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.245)  3.487 ms core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.33)  3.417 ms
 8  ae74-0.ier01.fra32.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.197.103)  3.727 ms  4.318 ms  3.533 ms
 9  ae31-0.icr01.fra21.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.230.14)  5.051 ms ae31-0.icr02.fra21.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.230.18)  3.865 ms ae31-0.icr01.fra21.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.230.14)  4.020 ms
10  * * be-102-0.ibr01.fra21.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.23.105)  139.921 ms
11  be-12-0.ibr01.ber20.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.17.25)  143.314 ms * *
12  be-8-0.ibr03.vie.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.19.16)  140.033 ms  140.003 ms  142.969 ms
13  be-5-0.ibr01.par21.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.17.185)  136.873 ms *  136.965 ms
14  be-1-0.ibr01.par30.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.7.209)  161.664 ms  173.429 ms *
15  be-7-0.ibr01.bio70.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.153)  143.554 ms be-10-0.ibr02.cle30.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.17.217)  175.389 ms *
16  be-5-0.ibr02.cle02.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.19.145)  119.333 ms be-11-0.ibr02.ch4.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.45)  116.514 ms *
17  * * be-6-0.ibr01.cle30.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.18.127)  119.992 ms
18  be-9-0.ibr03.bl7.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.29)  129.119 ms ae162-0.icr04.dsm05.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.22.208)  120.515 ms ae234-0.icr08.dsm05.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.32.85)  120.499 ms
19  * be-5-0.ibr01.cle30.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.28.119)  136.681 ms *
20  * be-10-0.ibr01.cle02.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.19.143)  194.387 ms *
21  be-11-0.ibr01.ch2.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.251)  128.384 ms  131.508 ms *
22  be-4-0.ibr01.dsm05.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.18.215)  128.814 ms  133.955 ms  128.062 ms
23  * * *
24  * ae160-0.icr03.dsm05.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.22.206)  133.266 ms ae234-0.icr08.dsm05.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.32.85)  133.322 ms
25  * * *
26  * * *
27  * * *
28  * * *
29  * * *
30  * * *

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute Microsoft.com -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to Microsoft.com (20.112.250.133), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.649 ms  3.711 ms  3.692 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  4.321 ms  3.849 ms  4.280 ms
 3  5.230.3.5 (5.230.3.5)  4.107 ms  4.219 ms  4.192 ms
 4  msft-decix-01-fra.ntwk.msn.net (80.81.194.52)  4.582 ms  4.561 ms  4.576 ms
 5  ae26-0.icr01.fra21.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.232.127)  7.675 ms  7.625 ms  15.319 ms
 6  * * be-120-0.ibr02.fra21.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.23.107)  121.854 ms
 7  be-12-0.ibr01.ber20.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.17.25)  147.729 ms  147.786 ms *
 8  be-15-0.ibr02.lon22.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.31.2)  127.790 ms be-8-0.ibr03.vie.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.19.16)  150.810 ms be-15-0.ibr02.lon22.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.31.2)  127.561 ms
 9  be-5-0.ibr01.par21.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.17.185)  140.395 ms * be-7-0.ibr02.nyc30.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.18.154)  127.601 ms
10  be-1-0.ibr01.par30.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.7.209)  207.813 ms *  169.807 ms
11  * * be-7-0.ibr01.bio70.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.153)  146.560 ms
12  * be-3-0.ibr03.orf70.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.232)  140.208 ms be-11-0.ibr02.ch4.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.45)  129.685 ms
13  * be-7-0.ibr03.bn6.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.145)  139.449 ms *
14  be-9-0.ibr03.bl7.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.29.29)  141.332 ms  141.705 ms  141.228 ms
15  * be-5-0.ibr01.cle30.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.28.119)  139.983 ms  140.384 ms
16  * * be-10-0.ibr01.cle02.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.19.143)  140.690 ms
17  * * *
18  * * *
19  * * *
20  * * ae162-0.icr04.dsm05.ntwk.msn.net (104.44.22.208)  140.483 ms
21  * * *
22  * * *
23  * * *
24  * * *
25  * * *
26  * * *
27  * * *
28  * * *
29  * * *
30  * * *

Test 10: x.com

Without GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute x.com
traceroute to x.com (104.244.42.193), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  5.179 ms  5.148 ms  5.157 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  1.601 ms  1.626 ms  1.704 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  2.538 ms spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  2.489 ms  2.944 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.121)  2.158 ms core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.141)  0.638 ms  0.592 ms
 7  core0.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.252.25)  3.731 ms core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.245)  3.338 ms core0.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.252.21)  3.379 ms
 8  cr2-fra1.twttr.com (80.81.194.21)  3.894 ms  3.831 ms cr1-fra1.twttr.com (80.81.192.10)  3.802 ms
 9  104.244.42.193 (104.244.42.193)  3.900 ms  3.786 ms  3.758 ms

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute x.com -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to x.com (104.244.42.129), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.779 ms  3.623 ms  3.748 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  4.063 ms  4.029 ms  3.998 ms
 3  5.230.3.5 (5.230.3.5)  4.321 ms  4.271 ms  4.345 ms
 4  cr2-fra1.twttr.com (80.81.194.21)  4.519 ms  4.595 ms  4.591 ms
 5  104.244.42.129 (104.244.42.129)  4.342 ms  4.219 ms  4.258 ms

Test 11: Discord.com

Without GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute discord.com
traceroute to discord.com (162.159.137.232), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  _gateway (172.31.1.1)  4.139 ms  4.130 ms  4.105 ms
 2  12948.your-cloud.host (116.203.161.178)  0.679 ms  0.689 ms  0.744 ms
 3  * * *
 4  spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  21.896 ms spine1.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.9)  1.340 ms spine2.cloud1.nbg1.hetzner.com (88.198.253.13)  21.837 ms
 5  * * *
 6  core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.141)  0.979 ms core11.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.239.121)  1.021 ms core12.nbg1.hetzner.com (213.239.203.105)  1.107 ms
 7  core4.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.33)  4.058 ms core5.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.224.238)  3.352 ms core0.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.252.25)  3.387 ms
 8  core8.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.245.126)  3.933 ms core9.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.224.178)  4.096 ms core8.fra.hetzner.com (213.239.252.9)  3.621 ms
 9  static.213-133-112-34.clients.your-server.de (213.133.112.34)  4.675 ms 162.158.84.254 (162.158.84.254)  4.643 ms static.213-133-112-34.clients.your-server.de (213.133.112.34)  4.705 ms
10  172.69.148.3 (172.69.148.3)  4.297 ms 162.158.108.4 (162.158.108.4)  4.816 ms 172.70.244.5 (172.70.244.5)  7.230 ms
11  162.159.137.232 (162.159.137.232)  4.204 ms  3.875 ms  3.855 ms

With noez.de GRE:

root@traceroutetest:~# traceroute discord.com -s 5.230.226.109
traceroute to discord.com (162.159.136.232), 30 hops max, 60 byte packets
 1  172.27.70.173 (172.27.70.173)  3.727 ms  3.632 ms  3.824 ms
 2  5.230.205.33 (5.230.205.33)  5.058 ms  4.978 ms  4.943 ms
 3  cloudflare.anc.kleyrex.net (193.189.82.195)  5.328 ms  4.721 ms  5.186 ms
 4  172.71.244.3 (172.71.244.3)  4.826 ms 172.70.240.3 (172.70.240.3)  4.177 ms 172.71.248.3 (172.71.248.3)  4.176 ms
 5  162.159.136.232 (162.159.136.232)  4.326 ms  4.195 ms  4.137 ms
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