Install nextcloud ubuntu/debian

Connect to your Server via SSH:

ssh user@your_server_ip

Update Package Lists:

sudo apt update

Install Required Packages:

sudo apt install apache2 mariadb-server libapache2-mod-php7.4 \
php7.4-gd php7.4-json php7.4-mysql php7.4-curl \
php7.4-mbstring php7.4-intl php7.4-xml php7.4-zip unzip

Secure MariaDB Installation:

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Create Database for Nextcloud:

sudo mysql -u root -p
CREATE DATABASE nextcloud;
CREATE USER 'nextclouduser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your_password';
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON nextcloud.* TO 'nextclouduser'@'localhost';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
EXIT;

Download and Extract Nextcloud:

wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/latest.zip
sudo unzip latest.zip -d /var/www/
sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/nextcloud/

Configure Apache for Nextcloud:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf
Alias /nextcloud "/var/www/nextcloud/"

<Directory /var/www/nextcloud/>
    Options +FollowSymlinks
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted
    <IfModule mod_dav.c>
        Dav off
    </IfModule>
    SetEnv HOME /var/www/nextcloud
    SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/nextcloud
</Directory>
sudo a2ensite nextcloud.conf
sudo a2enmod rewrite
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Enable HTTPS (Optional but recommended):

sudo a2enmod ssl
sudo a2ensite default-ssl
sudo systemctl restart apache2

Finish Installation via Web Interface:

  • Open your browser and go to https://your_server_ip/nextcloud
  • Follow the installation wizard, providing database details created earlier.

Finalize Installation:

  • After installation, follow on-screen instructions to create an admin account and configure data storage.

That’s it! Nextcloud should now be installed and ready to use on your minimal Linux server.

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